School Climate Resources

School Climate

The beliefs and the "Inside-Out Approach" of Community Matters are in alignment with what numerous educational researchers have found: that positive school climate is a fundamental prerequisite for school safety, academic excellence and optimal social-emotional development. Increasingly, state and federal policy-makers are developing imperatives and mandates aimed at improving school climate to achieve better educational outcomes. The following is a sample of online resources and research on how to build and strengthen school climate:

School Discipline Consensus Report, The Council of State Governments Justice Center

A Model for LCAP: California’s Safe and Supportive Schools, Greg Austin,

Safe Supportive Learning website, American Institutes for Research

School Climate, The National School Climate Center

A Review of School Climate Research, Thapa, Cohen, Guffey, Higgins-D'Alessandro, American Educational Research Association

The Challenge of Assessing School Climate, Cohen, Pickeral, McCloskey, Educational Leadership, ASCD

What Is School Climate, Loukas, Leadership Compass, NAESP

School Climate, Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence, Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado Boulder

The Bullying Awareness Guidebook: Students Staying Safe in Schools, Michaelis, Schlozman, Accredited Schools Online

Suicide and Depression Awareness for Students - A Guidebook, Schlozman & Tedder,

Restorative Practices

For more than a decade many schools have relied heavily on a zero tolerance approach to guide their discipline policies and practices. Although well intended, this methodology has been primarily unsuccessful in reducing school violence and helping students feel safe, welcome and included. Additionally, it has contributed to numerous unintended consequences such as significant increases in suspensions and expulsions, and decreases in attendance and academic achievement.

All across America, school officials are waking up to the power and potential for correcting behavior and decreasing suspensions through the use of Restorative Justice (RJ) and Restorative Practices (RP). RP/RJ is an emerging approach to justice that focuses on the power of relationships for developing social and civic responsibility, sharing accountability, and correcting harm.  When used in school settings as a preventative action, it creates an atmosphere of “connect and correct” instead of “catch and punish”.

Community Matters offers a full spectrum of RP and RJ consulting services to assist with discipline policy updates and improvements, as well as administration and staff trainings to help institute RP and RJ practices into school policies and practices. Learn more here or contact us at 707-823-6159 to learn how we can help you.

Restorative Practices Resources:

Fix School Discipline website 

Fix School Discipline Educator's Toolkit PDF

A Generation Later: What We’ve Learned About Zero Tolerance in Schools, Kang-Brown, Trone, Fratello, Daftary-Kapur, Center on Youth Justice at the VERA Institute of Justice, December 2013.

Guiding Principles: A Resource Guide for Improving School Climate and Discipline, US Department of Education.

Implementing Restorative Justice: A Guide for Schools, Illinois Criminal Justice information Authority

International Institute of Restorative Practices website

Restorative Justice: Resources for Schools, Matt Davis,

Bystander Education

Community Matters is very pleased to support the efforts of MacKenzie Bezos, creator of the Bystander Revolution campaign. More and more people are recognizing that the best solution for preventing and stopping bullying is for each one of us to express the courage to speak up and support those who are targeted and to challenge those who are bullying to stop what they are doing and to change their behavior. Together, by raising our voices and speaking up, we can create an "each one, reach one" social tipping point and eradicate meanness and intolerance from our schools and communities.

Bystander Revolution was founded by author and parent MacKenzie Bezos to create a source of direct, peer-to-peer advice about practical things individuals can do to help defuse bullying. The ultimate goal is the discussion and spread of simple habits of leadership, kindness, and inclusion. The site launched in April of 2014 with unscripted seed content from dozens of passionate students, leaders and celebrities— more than three hundred 1-2 minute videos for a wide variety of problems and situations, each with a focus on simple but powerful actions bystanders can take to help.

Dozens of student volunteers, parents, experts and educators, and the following leaders and celebrities shared their personal stories and advice to help get things started: Akon, Elizabeth Banks, Tom Brady, Jason Collins, Lily Collins, Jamie Lee Curtis, Gavin de Becker, Laura Dern, Nina Dobrev, Jenna Elfman, Ansel Elgort, Michael J. Fox, Missy Franklin, Neil Gaiman, John Green, Wayne Gretzky, Melissa Joan Hart, Salma Hayek, Olivia Holt, Lawrence Kasdan, Billie Jean King, Jared Leto, Demi Lovato, Vanessa Marano, Colum McCann, Jillian Michaels, Jason Mraz, Kenny Ortega, Amanda Palmer, Danica Patrick, Raghava KK, Tony Robbins, Chad Smith, Kevin Spacey, George Stroumboulopoulos, Sam Trammel, Dr. Ruth Westheimer, Rita Wilson, Nat Wolff, Shailene Woodley, and Dr. Philip Zimbardo

Click here to visit the Bystander Revolution website

Suspension Cost & Loss Calculator

This easy-to-use online tool shows how much time and money your school or district spends processing suspensions, and calculates the resulting revenues lost. It goes on to show, based on independent research, how much you could recover as a result of bringing Safe School Ambassadors to your campus.

Click here to use the Calculator.

Our book: Safe School Ambassadors: Harnessing Student Power to Stop Bullying and Violence

Our book – for school administrators, counselors, teachers, parents and youth organization leaders – challenges conventional “outside-in” thinking and makes the case for a complementary “inside-out” approach that taps the power of students to change the social norms that permit bullying and violence to occur. Contains a wealth of data and a roadmap schools can use to empower students with tools to stop a broad spectrum of mistreatment and improve school climate.

Learn more about the book or order the book here.

Funding Toolkit

Budget cuts in education constrain many schools from implementing school climate improvement programs, and external funding sources need to be identified, solicited and nurtured. New routes must be used to acquire adequate funding for services and programs that public funding used to cover. This Guide outlines a step-by-step process for identifying and securing funding from local and regional organizations, as well as tools like planning checklists, template letters to potential funders, press releases, and more.

Click here to Request the Funding Toolkit.

School Climate Surveys

Climate surveys allow school, district and other educational leaders to gain insight into the social-emotional climate of a school. Separate surveys are often available for students, school staff, and parents.

As part of our Whole School Climate 360 Assessment, CM performs in-depth surveying of students and staff to establish benchmarks and identify areas for improvement that are specific to the needs of your district, including:

  • Student behavior and engagement
  • Staff/faculty communication
  • Other internal and external factors that influence the climate and performance of your schools.

Learn more about the WSC 360 Assessment here.

We also recommend the following resources for school climate surveys to help you acquire the data needed to successfully assess your school’s climate, and assist you in successful planning and improvement: California School Climate, Health, and Learning Survey (CAL-SCHLS)

National School Climate Center Comprehensive School Climate Inventory (CSCI)

Safe Supportive Learning’s School Climate Survey Compendium


Safe & Supportive Schools: U.S. Department of Education

The Safe & Supportive Schools Technical Assistance Center, funded by the U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Safe and Healthy Students, works to address bullying, harassment, violence, substance abuse, and other impediments to learning. The Center provides training, support, research and other resources to state-level Safe & Supportive Schools Program grantees, as well as state and district administrators, teachers, support staff, communities, families and students. Click here to visit the Center’s website. Website

This comprehensive site features resources for educators, families and students. Includes help with understanding bullying and how to respond, as well as a compendium of state policies and laws related to bullying. Visit the Stop Bullying website.

Call 707-823-6159 to schedule a no-cost preliminary school climate assessment

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Funding Toolkit

School Administrators are invited to download our Funding Toolkit, a guide to fundraising opportunities, grant proposal sample language and sample letters to donors.

To request your copy, contact