A Solution: The Inside-out Approach

"Bullying interventions need to change the conditions
in the social environment that permit bullying to occur."

-Dr. Dorothy L. Espelage, bullying researcher

The Inside-Out Approach focuses on the interpersonal dynamics among the people in the school as the fundamental way to improve safety and climate. It is based on years of research, development and testing, and consists of four core elements:

Relationships - creating opportunities for students, staff, parents, families and the broader community to know one another, to build trust and mutual respect, and to maintain open channels of communication.

Student-Centered - empowering young people by involving them in real problem-solving, decision-making and implementing solutions.

Restorative Practices - utilizing restorative practices, such as circles, affective questions and statements and conferencing, helps students learn from their mistakes and make amends to those they've wronged, leading to improved relationships, reduced discipline incidents and safer schools.

Social Norms Change - guiding and changing behavior not through rules and policies but through social norms, which are largely established and can be changed by students.

Positively Impacting School Climate

When leaders commit to the Inside-Out Approach, the result is a more positive school climate. Students experience a sense of safety, have healthy adult and peer relationships, feel respected and empowered, and are more likely to succeed academically and socially.

To successfully implement and institutionalize the Inside-Out Approach requires a commitment to utilizing school climate as the foundation-the 'bricks and mortar'-for building a safe, thriving and high-performing school.



Learn more about the importance of school climate



The Community Matters Solution to Safer Schools - Download Here

The principal objective of school violence-reduction strategies should be to create cultures and climates of safety, respect, and emotional support within educational institutions.
- U.S. Secret Service and Department of Education